Criminal Law is a body of rules and statutes that defines conduct prohibited by the government because it threatens and harms public safety and welfare and that establishes punishment to be imposed for the commission of such acts.
There are three major types that crimes fall under criminal law: felonies, misdemeanors, and infractions. Every state has a different body of criminal laws which vary from state to state, it is significant to know what every category requires and will mean for you or loved one.
In general, felony offenses, whether state or federal, carry a minimum sentence of one year in prison. Property crimes and Person crimes both can be felonies.
Personal crimes are crimes that are perpetrated against an individual.Personal crimes usually involve bodily harm, the threat of bodily harm, or other actions committed against the will of an individual .
Personal crimes include:Personal crimes are
Restraint of person against his well
Property Crimes – “Offenses against Property”: These are crimes that do not necessarily involve harm to another person.
Under property crimes are:
Misdemeanors are criminal offenses that carry up to a year in jail in most state, punishment can also include payment of a fine, probation, community service, and restitution. Poor offender charged with misdemeanors are typically provided to legal presentation at government cost.
Some crimes that can be misdemeanors are:
Even though a misdemeanor results in a lesser punishment, it will still appear on your criminal record.
There are misdemeanor cases that last only a few months but the unusual case will last more than a year, it’s because some cases are complicated.
Three steps of demeanor
The first stage is called an arraignment. A arraignment, the court asks the accused enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest.
The second stage is pretrial. A meeting of the parties to an action and their attorneys held before the court prior to the commencement of actual courtroom proceedings. The defense may ask for information and evidence from the prosecution, called discovery.
The last steps is the trial Almost of the cases do not go on to trial, they solved by plea bargain. Although, every suspect in a misdemeanor case has the right to have trial by the jury.
If a case cannot be resolved at the pretrial stage, the defense attorney may make a last-ditch effort to settle the case on the day of trial.
An infraction is not considered a “criminal” charge and is a type of charge which does not carry any incarceration or jail time. The reason an infraction is not considered “criminal” is because it does not appear on your Department Of Justice criminal records. Kinds of this offense are jaywalking, speeding tickets, not wearing seat belt. Infraction also include without proper business or improper throwing of garbage or trash can.
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